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Current Canadian Military Bases

This web page has primarily focused on the military of the past and what we have lost in regards to military establishments. However, times are changing yet again, and the Canadian government is indeed spending money on revitalizing the military. New equipment is being bought, certain bases are being expanded and some new facilities are being constructed.


2nd Canadian Division
* 2nd Canadian Division Support Base Montreal
* 2nd Canadian Division Support Base Valcartier
* CFLRS/ELRFC Saint-Jean
* Farnham Garrison

3rd Canadian Division
* 3rd Canadian Division Support Base Edmonton (Edmonton Garrison)
* 3rd Canadian Division Support Base Suffield
* 3rd Canadian Division Training Centre Wainwright
* 3rd Canadian Division Support Base Shilo

4th Canadian Division
* CFB Kingston
* CFB Borden
* 4th Canadian Division Support Base Petawawa (Petawawa Garrison)
* 4th Canadian Division Training Centre Meaford
* Four Mile Point Live Firing Range – Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario
* Connaught Range and Primary Reserve Training Centre
* Winona Rifle Range
* Cedar Point Firing Range and Training Centre
* Joint Task Force North (Whitehorse & Yellowknife)

5th Canadian Division
* 5th Canadian Division Support Base Gagetown
* 5th Canadian Division Training Centre Aldershot

* Moncton Rifle Range

There are a total of 13 Wings air force wings across Canada, 11 operational and 2 used for training. Wings represent the grouping of various squadrons, both operational and support, under a single tactical commander reporting to the operational commander. Ten wings also include a Canadian Forces base along with other operational and support units.

1 Canadian Air Division

1 Wing Kingston
Located at CFB Kingston,  its tactical helicopter squadrons are spread out across Canada; six operate the CH-146 Griffon helicopter and one operates the CH-147F Chinook helicopter.  1 Wing provides airlift support of troops and equipment anywhere in the world. Its six tactical helicopter and training squadrons are spread out all across Canada.
* 400 Tactical Helicopter Squadron – based at CFB Borden
* 403 Helicopter Operational Training Squadron – based at 5th Canadian Division Support Base Gagetown
* 408 Tactical Helicopter Squadron – based at  Edmonton Garrison
* 427 Tactical Helicopter Squadron – based at Petawawa Garrison
* 430 Escadrille tactique d’helicopteres – based at 2nd Canadian Division Support Base Valcartier
* 438 Escadrille tactique d’helicopteres – based at St. Hubert Garrison

* 450 Tactical Helicopter Squadron – based at Petawawa Garrison

Since 2014-15, 408, 430, 450 and 427 Squadrons actively support the army for airmobile and armed escort. The remainder have a dedicated maintenance and aircrew training purposes.

3 Wing Bagotville
Located in Quebec’s Saguenay region, 3 Wing provides general purpose, multi-role, combat-capable forces in support of domestic and international roles of Canada’s air force. It also provides search and rescue missions.
* 425 Tactical Fighter Squadron
* 439 Combat Support Squadron

4 Wing Cold Lake
The busiest fighter base in Canada, 4 Wing provides general purpose, multi-role, combat-capable forces in support of domestic and international roles of Canada’s air force. Home of fighter pilot training for the Canadian Forces, 4 Wing attracts top gun crews from all over the world to its annual air combat exercise, Maple Flag. It is also home to the Primrose Lake Air Weapons Range, used to test the U.S. cruise missile in the 1980s.
* 410 Tactical Fighter Operational Training Squadron
* 417 Combat Support Squadron
* 419 Tactical Fighter Training Squadron

5 Wing Goose Bay
The site of NATO tactical low-level flight training in Canada, 5 Wing, located in Labrador, is home to permanent detachments from the German Luftwaffe, the Royal Netherlands Air Force and the Italian Aeronautica Militare and temporary training deployments from the Royal Air Force (United Kingdom). 5 Wing is the home of 444 Combat Support Squadron and also serves as a NORAD CF-18 Hornet deployed operating base and airfield supporting a mix of aviation activities, military and civilian, in eastern Canada.
* 444 Combat Support Squadron

8 Wing Trenton
The heart of Canada’s air mobility forces, from delivering supplies to the high Arctic (CFS Alert) to airlifting troops and equipment worldwide. It is also responsible for search and rescue in central Canada and home to the Skyhawks Parachute Team with the Canadian Forces Land Advanced Warfare Centre.
* 412 Transport Squadron (based at CFSU (Ottawa) at the Ottawa – Uplands Airport)
* 424 Transport and Rescure Squadron
* 426 Transport Training Squadron
* 429 Transport Squadron
* 436 Transport Squadron
* 437 Transport Squadron

9 Wing Gander
Providing search and rescue (SAR) services to eastern Canada and the western Atlantic Ocean. SAR crews at 9 Wing Gander fly the CH-149 Cormorant helicopter and are responsible for a massive area, covering the lower Arctic, Labrador, Newfoundland, the Maritimes and the North Atlantic from the shores of Newfoundland to 30° west.
* 103 Search and Rescue Squadron

12 Wing Shearwater
The centre of naval aviation in Canada, 12 Wing is home of the CH-124 Sea King helicopter, and supports Maritime Command with helicopter air detachments for surface warships in the Atlantic and Pacific fleets (Patricia Bay).
* 406 Maritime Operational Training Squadron
* 423 Maritime Helicopter Squadron
* 443 Maritime Helicopter Squadron

14 Wing Greenwood
Located in Nova Scotia’s Annapolis Valley, 14 Wing’s CP-140 Aurora crews conduct sovereignty and surveillance missions over the Atlantic Ocean routinely, while SAR capabilities for the Maritimes, eastern Quebec and the eastern Arctic are provided by CH-149 Cormorant helicopters and CC-130 Hercules fixed-wing aircraft.
* 404 Maritime Patrol and Training Squadron
* 405 Maritime Patrol Squadron
* 413 Transport and Rescue Squadron

17 Wing Winnipeg
Comprising three squadrons and six schools, 17 Wing also provides support to the Central Flying School, as well as headquarters and administration support for NORAD operations.
* 402 City of Winnipeg Squadron
* 435 Transport and Rescue Squadron
* 440 Transport Squadron (a lodger unit attached to 17 Wing Winnipeg.) Operates the CC-138 Twin Otter based out of Yellowknife, NT.

19 Wing Comox
Located on Vancouver Island, its Aurora crews provide surveillance of the Pacific Ocean and western and Arctic regions. The Buffalo and Cormorant crews are responsible for search and rescue in British Columbia, Yukon and the North Pacific Ocean. The base is also used for training fighter pilots in tactical procedures on nearby ranges.
* 407 Maritime Patrol Squadron
* 442 Transport and Rescue Squadron

22 Wing North Bay
Represents one of Canada’s major contributions to the North American Aerospace Defence (NORAD) agreement. From its underground complex at the Sector Air Operations Centre, technicians watch over Canada’s airspace 24 hours a day, using state-of-the-art sensors, computer and communications equipment.

2 Canadian Air Division

15 Wing Moose Jaw
The site of the NATO Flying Training Program in Canada which is supported by 2 Canadian Forces Flying Training School or 2CFFTS “The Big 2”, 15 Wing is also home to the Snowbirds, the air force’s aerobatic team.
* 431 Air Demonstration Squadron

16 Wing Borden
This base has an airfield that is most notably used for the bi-annual airshow, and it is the largest training facility in the Canadian Forces. No. 16 Wing’s schools offer air force technical training and professional development and is the historic birthplace of the RCAF. 400 Tactical Helicopter Squadron is a lodger unit and based at Borden’s airfield.
Canadian Aerospace Warfare Centre ( part of 8 Wing Trenton )

Other units:
* 414 Electronic Warfare Support Squadron is based at Gatineau Airport, Quebec to operate the Dassault/Dornier Alpha Jet provided by Top Aces Consulting.
Joint Task Force Afghanistan Air Wing
* Air Wing Kandahar, Afghanistan (stood up 6 December 2008, flew first mission 6 January 2009). The organization is composed of four units:
o Canadian Helicopter Force (Afghanistan):
+ 6 – CH-147D Chinook heavy-lift helicopters
+ 8 – CH-146 Griffon tactical support helicopters – armed
+ (6 – Mi-8 medium-lift helicopters – see below)
o Theatre Support Element
+ CC-130 Hercules tactical transport aircraft;
o Canadian Heron UAV Detachment
+ Heron unmanned aerial vehicle

As the tasking authority responsible for the Canadian Contracted Air Transport Unit, the Wing Commander provides advice, co-ordination and supervision over its six leased Mi-8 medium lift helicopters. The Air Wing has about 450 personnel, serving with the Theatre Support Element in the Persian Gulf region and the Tactical UAV Flight at Kandahar Airfield.

Canadian Forces School of Aerospace Technology and Engineering
The Canadian Forces School of Aerospace Technology and Engineering (CFSATE), located in Borden, Ontario delivers Aerospace Engineering Officers and conducts apprentice level training for various trades, including Avionics, Aviation, Aircraft Structures and Imagery technicians. The role of CFSATE is to provide the Air Force with qualified personnel to ensure Aircraft serviceability. CFSATE develops and carries out individual aerospace engineering training in accordance with approved doctrine and standards.

* CFB Esquimalt
* CFB Halifax
* CF Maritime Experimental and Test Ranges
* CFS St. John’s

* CFS Leitrim
* CFS Alert

All services

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4 Wing Cold Lake:  Opened in March 1954 as RCAF Station Cold Lake, the station quickly became Canada’s premier air weapons training base.  Supporting the Cold Lake Air Weapons Range (CLAWR), a 11,700 square kilometres tract of land straddling the Alberta-Saskatchewan border to the north-east of Cold Lake, the station trained fighter pilots, first with …

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Maritime Forces Pacific Naden: Canadian Forces Base Esquimalt (CFB Esquimalt) is Canada’s Pacific Coast naval base and home port to Maritime Forces Pacific and Joint Task Force Pacific Headquarters. Work Point Barracks: Opened in 1887 at the entrance to Victoria Harbour as the home for C Battery, Royal Canadian Artillery (RCA), who moved here from …

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17 Wing Winnipeg: 3rd Canadian Division Support Base Shilo: Originally opened in 1910 as Camp Shilo, it saw an increase in activity with the outbreak of WWI. During WWII, Camp Shilo Camp Shilo was the home of A3 Canadian Artillery Training Centre and A15 Canadian Infantry Training Centre The 1st Canadian Parachute Battalion arrived at …

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9 Wing Gander: The current 9 Wing Gander is the sole survivor of numerous military and civilian government sites in the Gander area. In 1938, the British Air Ministry established a radar station for monitoring Trans-Atlantic air traffic. As well, the RCAF established an Air Station on a site that is now the Gander International …

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Canadian Forces Station Alert: Located on the northeastern tip of Ellesmere Island approximately 817 km from the North Pole, this is Canada’s most northerly station. The Alert Wireless Station was originally established on 9 April 1950 as a part of the Joint Arctic Weather Station System, a co-operative effort of the Canadian Department of Transport …

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Maritime Forces Atlantic Stadacona: Also known as Canadian Forces Base Halifax, MFA Stadacona is Canada’s east coast navy base and home port to the Atlantic fleet. Opened in 1906 as HMC Dockyard Halifax , following the withdrawal of the Royal Navy, it is one of the oldest defence establishments in Canada, having been established by …

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Canadian Forces Base Borden: Simcoe County has always had a proud military heritage. Canadian Forces Base Borden has been a fixture in the area since it opened on 11 July 1916 as Camp Borden, a training centre for the infantry battalions for the Canadian Expeditionary Force. Named after Sir Frederick Borden, Minister of Militia under …

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Montreal Garrison – 5 Area Support Group: CFB Montreal opened at Longue Pointe in 1966 as the home of No. 25 Supply Depot. The new base also assumed command of the HMCS Hochelaga, the Naval Supply Depot at Lasalle, re-designating the site as No. 4 Supply Depot. In 1969, CFB Saint-Hubert also became a detachment …

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15 Wing Moose Jaw: Originally opened on 1 June 1941 as No. 32 Service Flying Training School. Relief Landing Fields were also constructed near Buttress and Burdick. By the time the school closed 17 October 1944, 1,207 pilots had graduated. RCAF Detachments Buttress and Burdick were abandoned. No. 2 Reserve Equipment and Maintenance Unit occupied …

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Joint Task Force North – Whitehorse: Established on 15 May 1970 as Canadian Forces Northern Area Headquarters in (CFNA HQ) in Yellowknife and Whitehorse, Yukon, to assist and maintain sovereignty north of the 60th parallel and support CF operations in the north. CFNA HQ was responsible for almost 4 million square kilometres of territory. The …

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  1. Greg

    5 Wing Goose Bay needs a update. No low level flying since last of allies left in 2006. Triple 444 squadron here to provide support. No long term “plan” yet announced by DND or present Government as of 2015. Future uncertain.

    1. Bruce Forsyth

      Hi Greg,

      Thanks for stopping by my web site and for the information. Please advise me of any other updates.


  2. Lyle Heinemann

    I noticed that Canadian Forces Detachment Dundurn was not mentioned under the Air Force. Also Canadian Forces Ammunition Depot Dundurn was missied also.

    1. Bruce Forsyth

      Hi Lyle,

      Thanks for stopping by my web site. You can find Dundurn in the “Downsized Bases or Bases That Have Changed Their Function” section.


  3. Ray

    1 Wing needs an update.Also home to the CH-146F Chinook helicopter, based inPetawawa at 450 (THS) Sqn, accross the “airfield” from CSOR and 427 (THS) Sqn.
    Quebec based 430 and 438 are referred to as ETAH (Escadrille tactique d’helicopteres), not THS (Tactical Helicopter Squadron).
    Furthermore, most THS have changed roles since 2014-15. 408, 430, 450 and 427 actively support the army for airmobile and armed escort. The remainder have a dedicated maintenance and aircrew training purposes.

    1. Bruce Forsyth

      Hi Ray,

      Thanks for the information. I’ll update the information.


      1. Rheal Giroux

        No problems Bruce!
        Just wanted to say thank you for maintaining and updating this nice site. Always a pleasure to browse through.
        As an old NCO who spent 28 years in our military (1988-2016) who did a few (!) deployments etc Do keep this up.


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