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Canadian Forces Station Sydney:

Opened as part of the Pinetree Line of radar stations on the On 15 March 1953, located on the northern fringes of the city, with the radar functions being run by No. 221 Aircraft Control & Warning Squadron. The station was re-named CFS Sydney.

Canadian Forces Station Sydney closed in 1993.

Today, the former CFS Sydney is known as Pine Tree Park Estates. Carefield Manor, a nursing home, occupies the former station HQ building. Some of the station’s buildings remain, including the PMQs.

An unmanned Canadian Coastal Radar station, one of three on Canada’s East Coast, was also established to carry on with CFS Sydney’s radar duties.

Additional Source material: The Communications & Electronics Museum site’s www.c-and-e-museum.org, DND press release from July 1989.

Canadian Forces Station Barrington:

Originally opened in 1957 near Baccaro, Nova Scotia, as Barrington Air Force Station of the United States Air Force, near the site of a former World War II Royal Canadian Navy radar station, with the radar functions being run by No. 627 Aircraft Control & Warning Squadron.

As a Ground Control Intercept base, the role of 627 AC&WS was to guide interceptor aircraft toward unidentified intruders picked up on the unit’s radar scopes. These interceptors were based at the 26th NORAD Region bases at Loring AFB and Dow AFB, Maine.

Control of the station was transferred to the RCAF on 1 June 1962, with the radar functions being run by No. 23 Aircraft Control & Warning Squadron. This was part of an arrangement with the United States that came as a result of the cancellation of the Avro Arrow. Canada would lease 66 F-101 Voodoo fighters and take over operation of 12 Pinetree radar bases.  The operating unit was re-designated 23 Aircraft Control & Warning Squadron and the base became RCAF Station Barrington.

Radar operations at 23 Squadron were automated on 1 July 1964 by the Semi Automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) system, and the station became a long-range radar site. It would no longer guide interceptors but only look for enemy aircraft, feeding data to the Boston Air Defense Sector SAGE DC-02 Direction Center of the 26th NORAD Region.

With the Unification of the Forces, the station was renamed CFS Barrington. The newly established 213 Radar Squadron reported to the 21st NORAD Region SAGE DC-03 Direction Center at Syracuse AFS.

In 1971 the Canadian Forces constructed a mobile home subdivision on Sherose Island 27 km west of the station for housing personnel and their families. Beginning in 1983, CFS Barrington began reporting to Canada East ROCC at CFB North Bay.

The long range early warning radar became obsolete by the late 1980s and the facility was decommissioned on August 1, 1990. The Baccaro Point site currently hosts an unmanned Canadian Coastal Radar station, one of three on Canada’s East Coast, was established at the site (Fighter Group / Canadian NORAD Region – Detachment Barrington) to carry on with CFS Barrington’s radar duties. The site is controlled remotely from the NORAD bunker at 22 wing North Bay.

Royal Canadian Air Force Station Beaverbank:

Opened in 1954 as RCAF Station Beaverbank, with the radar functions being run by No. 22 Aircraft Control & Warning Squadron.

RCAF Station Beaverbank occupied a unique location in proximity to Canada’s largest Atlantic seaport and its biggest naval base, making it an important early warning radar during the manual environment of the 1950s. Since manned bomber raids by the Soviet Union in the area were considered quite likely, it was felt that RCAF Station Beaverbank fulfilled a critical role in the early days of Canada’s and North America’s air defence.

The radar unit itself was manually operated and reported to the Fredericton NORAD Sector at RCAF Station St. Margarets until September 1962, when this was changed to the Bangor NORAD Sector at Topsham AFS.

The station had a short life as it closed in 1 April 1964, made redundant by technoligical advances such as the implementation of the Semi-automatic Ground Environment (SAGE) system.

When the Royal Canadian Navy were looking for a replacement site for Naval Radio Station Albro Lake, the Beaverbank site was considered, but ultimately it was not chosen.

In the mid 70s the base was converted to a concrete plant. This was only used for a few years before the base was abandoned then resold.

Today, all that remains is the operations building, abandoned and crumbling, and the base headquarters, which was turned into a nursing home called Ivy Medows Retirement Homes.  The remaining buildings and PMQs were demolished in the fall of 2004.

It is noteworthy that Warrant Officer 1 (Ret’d) C.L. Grocer, holds the distinction of being the one man who saw both the birth and death of RCAF Station Beaverbank.  The “unofficial first CO” of Beaverbank, WO1 Grover was the first and only RCAF member on-site, serving as foreman of works from September to December 1953, when the buildings were being accepted by the RCAF from the civilian contractor.  After serving three years at Beaverbank, WO1 Grover was posted to No. 1 Air Division in Eurpoe.  Upon his retirement from the RCAF in 1963, WO1 Grover accepted a position with the Corps of Commissionaires, manning the main gate at Beaverbank.  When the station closed in 1964, Grover was there to close the station.  “I was here to open the station and I’ll be her to close it,” said Grover; “the first and last CO of RCAF Station Beaverbank”.

Visit – http://community.livejournal.com/abandonedplaces/1744773.html

Permanent link to this article: https://militarybruce.com/abandoned-canadian-military-bases/pinetree-line/admin-4/


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  1. rich herken

    I was stationed at barrington 672nd ACW SQUADRON USAF, april61- may 62 very interesting to read your info,

    1. Bruce Forsyth

      Hi Rick,

      Thanks for stopping by my web site. If you have any photos or stories to share, I’d love to see or hear them.



    2. Melissa

      Hi Rich,

      My name is Melissa and I am searching for my grandfather who served in the DEW line. I’m wondering if you might possibly have any information about him. Could you email me at mellers155@icloud.com ? Thank you.


      1. Bruce Forsyth

        Hi Melissa, You can request information about your grandfather’s service by contacting: Library and Archives Canada
        Access to Information, Privacy and Personnel Records Office, 395 Wellington Street, Ottawa, ON K1A 0N4.

        Good luck in your search, Bruce

  2. N. Warren

    I’ve come across more than this site with your name and excellent photos.

    I am writing an illustrated Canadian novel and am searching for:

    a) info re: housing for Canadian Airborne; would each soldier have had his own single room? shared a double? would soldier’s barracks be single storey? two-storey? Were there the modules back then?

    b) images of CFB Petawawa housing/barracks in early 1990s

    c) images of CFB airstrip–or did the base use the Petawawa Airport?

    c) where/how would a female journalist be housed who was working for Canadian Press, slated to accompany the CAR to Somalia

    d) were CAR officers housed in separate quarters and separate area?

    Thank you so much.
    If photos are used, please tell me how to cite credits.

    1. Bruce Forsyth

      Thanks for stopping by my web site. Your best bet for answering your questions would be to contact the Canadian Airborne Forces Association – http://www.canadianairborneforces.ca

      President: Walter Holmes
      E-Mail: wholmes2@cogeco.ca

      I do know that the Airborne Regiment did have at least one double-level barracks building at Petawawa. The officers are generally quartered separately from the non-commissioned ranks.

      Good luck and let me know when your novel is published.


      President: Walter Holmes
      E-Mail: wholmes2@cogeco.ca

  3. Walter Mishibinijima

    Would like to see the list of Navigators from 1952 to 1956,, One of the past navigators has just passed on this week and would like to see this and add it to memory card. From 1952 until 1956 and was part protection of DEW line and East Coast of Canada

    1. Bruce Forsyth

      Hi Walter,

      Thank you for stopping by my web page. You might want to try the National Archives in Ottawa for that information.


  4. TonyM

    Hey Bruce,

    There are a number of pictures above which are mine, without credit given. Please add credit to me.

    #14, 16, 18, 19

    I can provide proof over email if you would like to see (I also have more).

    1. Bruce Forsyth

      Hi Tony,

      Thanks for stopping by my web site. I certainly will credit you for the photos. I assume you are talking about photos of Beaverbank? It doesn’t come up on my screen exactly which base you are talking about. Please send any other photos you want to share to bruce@militarybruce.com.


  5. Sybil Nunn

    Went for a walk there today. Marvellous huge unused area with road leading to remaining graffiti covered ruins.
    Picked 12 ticks off my dog when I got home … sigh …

  6. Vincent Brown


    Small misunderstanding / error about CFS Barrington Radar site being originally Navy.. Is the confusion factor the Loran Site operated during WW2 up to apx 1974 and located on a hill apx 1 km from the subject radar sie???

    I spent apx 12 years at CFS Barrington

    1. Bruce Forsyth

      Hi Vincent,

      Thanks for the information and for the correction. I’ve made changes to the entry.

      If you have any photos from your time at Barrington that you would like to share, please send them to bruce@militarybrucce.com.



      1. Vince Brown

        Hi Bruce

        I collected the information and took most of the pictures contained in:

        Lobster Lighthouse and Long-Range Radar
        A History of Canadian Forces Station Barrington to 1987
        Author: Captain Peter Kvas (1987)
        ISBN #: 0-660-12300-2
        This book is a hard cover with more than 125 pages of detail pertaining to the history of the Pinetree Line long range radar station which was located at Barrington, Nova Scotia. Air Defence of Canada during the time period 1945-1958. The book has 35 chapters – each of which contains detail of special interest, and deals with all aspects of the radar station and the surrounding area. The book also contains a large number of photographs and clippings.
        I was able to locate a copy of this book in our local library. It is well worth tracking down for either reference or general interest.

        Can understand the confusion. Yes, the Loran site was the first military site at Baccaro Point but it was down the road. CFS Baccaro was constructed on the land purchased from a number of fishermen on the point near the lighthouse. The NBC Group (Don Nicks, John Bradley, Chris Charland) (1997) who published A History of the Air Defence of Canada 1948-1997 ISBN #: 0-9681973-0-2
        seem to be combining the two locations as one. I cannot find information on who they are …………..

        I have a collection of black & white negatives taken by myself in the periods 1970 – 1973, 1977 – 1980 and 1984 – 1989. They are stored in my house at Port Latour (near Baccaro)

        Where are you located???

        Vince Brown

        1. Bruce Forsyth

          Hi Vince,

          Thanks for the clarification. I live in Barrie, Ontario, so I’m a bit of a drive away.


      2. Vince Brown


        History of Barrington AS, NS, CN

        The first military installation at Baccaro Point, Nova Scotia, the eventual site of CFS Barrington, was a LORAN (Long Range Navigation) site that was put in place in 1943 and run by the RCN. When the war was over, the LORAN equipment was turned over to the Department of Transport.

        — The NBC Group – Don Nicks, John Bradley, Chris Charland

        I read this to mean that the two installations are on the same location, not the same village..


        1. Ron Choquette


          Were you in Clinton, ON in 1963 ?

          1. Vincent Brown

            Hi Ron

            been a long time………….

            I’m in Lower Sackville, NS

            e-mail brownie.67@live.com


  7. Jan

    Hi.. looking for any info re 22 radar and warning squadron who served or manned Beaverbank station in 1953..
    Tjank you!

    1. Bruce Forsyth

      I hope you find some of the people who served at Beaverbank.


  8. Vince

    hi Ron
    long time no see…… where are you??



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